If you need clarification, The University of Leeds has additional information.
Reference in Harvard. Year of publication. Depending on the source type, some Harvard Reference in-text citations may look something like this:.
When citing journal articles found on a database or through a website, include all of the components found in a citation of a print journal, but also include the medium [online] , the website URL, and the date that the article was accessed.
If you need clarification, De Montfort University Leicester has additional information.
Where can I get help with referencing? When to include page numbers You should include page numbers in your citation if you quote directly from the text, paraphrase specific ideas or explanations, or use an image, diagram, table, etc. This effect has been reported in the community Emson, Smith et al.
Citation examples Corporate author If the item is produced by an organisation, treat the organisation as a "corporate author". The committee considered the NICE technology appraisal guidance on apremilast for active psoriatic arthritis.
Diagnosis, prevention and management of dental erosion. Each in-text citation generally displays the last name of the author and the year the source was published. How should I reference confidential material? Cochrane review Gagnon AJ 2000 Individual antenatal education for childbirth.
Archival materials are generally collected and housed by organizations, such as universities, libraries, repositories, or historical societies. In-text citations are used when directly quoting or paraphrasing a source. An encyclopedia is a book, or set of books, used to find information on a variety of subjects. You should include page numbers in your citation if you quote directly from the text, paraphrase specific ideas or explanations, or use an image, diagram, table, etc.
Online items URL web addresses Multiple authors Editors Corporate author s or organisation s Multiple publisher details Editions and reprints Missing details Multiple sources with different authors Sources written by the same author in the same year Sources with the same author in different years Two authors with the same surname in the same year The work of one author referred to by another.
If there are multiple sources by the same author, then citations are listed in order by the date of publication. Include the url at the end of the citation with the date it was accessed in brackets. The structure for a Harvard Reference List citation for books with one author includes the following:.