It reflects the declining importance of both scale and scope and is driven by reductions in communications, logistics, and information processing costs -- reductions stimulated if not caused by the introduction of computers and by our increasing ability to use them.
Only they could afford to devote substantial amounts of resources to gathering and processing quantities of data for top management to use to coordinate activities and allocate resources. Only very large organizations could take full advantage of the Prussian administrative system. Although Fordism was a method used to improve productivity in the automotive industry, this principle could be applied to any kind of manufacturing process.
Among Ford's original contributions was the breaking down of complicated activities to simpler ones with the aid of specialized equipments. Gramsci, Antonio. For more information, please contact the Center at cddc vt.
Die nachgeholte Reaktion?: Contact our editors with your feedback. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
In this revolution, mass production and its champion, mighty General Motors, was utterly routed by the Toyota Production System. And, there seemed to be no natural limits to this conclusion. However, the transformation didn't really start in the automobile business, IBM, for example, combined total quality management TQM , lean manufacturing, just-in-time JIT delivery, and price based costing twenty years before Eiji Toyoda and Taiichi Ohno implemented the Toyota Production System.
Gramsci's essay was rediscovered in the 1970s, when the socioeconomic crisis led European theorists to speculate on the sources of the prosperity during the preceding decades. Post-Fordism can also assume different forms in different contexts.
A manufacturing philosophy that aims to achieve higher productivity by standardizing the output , using conveyor assembly lines, and breaking the work into small deskilled tasks. The system is named in honor of Henry Ford, and it is employed in social, economic, and management theory concerning consumption, production, and working conditions and other associated concepts particularly regarding the 20 th century.
Antonio Gramsci , intellectual and politician, a founder of the Italian Communist Party whose ideas greatly influenced Italian communism. Load comments. Ford cup.