Zgaga, U. Retrieved 15 December 2016 from http: Academic freedom means the liberty of schools or public officials to teach, pursue, and discuss knowledge without restriction or interference. Its basic elements include the freedom of teachers to inquire into any subject that evokes their intellectual concern; to present their findings to their students, colleagues, and others; to publish their data and conclusions without control or censorship; and to teach in the manner they consider professionally appropriate.
For example, exponents of holocaust denial and members of the Flat Earth Society are free to speak their minds on these subjects on the street — they have freedom of speech — but they are not entitled to claim academic freedom in defence of doing so in an academic setting.
Statutes and regulations of the national university of Singapore. Constitution of the republic of Singapore. The magna charta universitatum.
This history occasionally has been marred, however. Looking back — looking forward.
Each of us needs to set out our own definition of academic freedom, so let me offer mine: Who is responsible for the academic and social outcomes of this teaching method? The heritage of European universities.
Alma Mater Studiorium. Despite its strong traditions of academic freedom, Germany experienced a virtually complete eclipse of such freedom during the period of Nazi rule 1933—45.
At any rate, Spinoza seems to have reconciled himself to staying in the Netherlands for the rest of his life. University Affairs moderates all comments according to the following guidelines.
It helps the teachers and students to express their ideas in school without religious or political or institutional restrictions. In pursuing and acquiring trade union status, university faculty associations have precluded self-governance in this sense.
Mark Mercer. Protected by papal bulls and royal charters, the universities became legally self-governing corporations with the freedom to organize their own faculties, control admissions, and establish standards for graduation. The first constraint provides an implicit distinction between academic freedom and freedom of speech; the former is a narrower concept. From the Middle Ages on, universities struggled against the influence of local communities to pursue teaching and learning for the sake of knowledge Zonta, 2002.