Those who followed this traditional form of Islam called themselves Sunnis.
The Mahdi The concept of the Mahdi is a central tenet of Shi'a theology, but many Sunni Muslims also believe in the coming of a Mahdi, or rightly guided one, at the end of time to spread justice and peace. Yahoo Directory: Imamah Shia doctrine.
Ever since, Sunni political leaders throughout much of the Muslim world have often persecuted the Shiite minority. Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email. Ali refused, saying that the assassination of Uthman was justified due to his misdeeds.
Civilisations Track empires, including Islamic, year-by-year on an interactive map. These were set down in the 7th and 8th centuries CE by the scholars of the Hanbali, Hanafi, Maliki and Shaafii schools.
An article on Jan. The Shiites and Sunnis Well over a thousand years ago, violent events in Iraq eventually led to a major split in Islam between Shiite and Sunni believers. These differences originate from the question of who would succeed the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the emerging Muslim community after his death.
Aisha later apologised to Ali but the clash had already created a divide in the community. A formal clergy structure consists of religious leaders e.
His martyrdom became a central tenet to those who believed that Ali should have succeeded the prophet. In these times the Caliphs, in contrast to the first four, were temporal leaders only, deferring to religious scholars or uleama for religious issues. But the split remained and would, in the second half of the 20th century, turn out to be one of the most important factors in the upheavals that have ravaged the Middle East.
Divisions have occurred in most world religions.
The Prophet Muhammad When the Prophet died in the early 7th century he left not only the religion of Islam but also a community of about one hundred thousand Muslims organised as an Islamic state on the Arabian Peninsula. Legacy of a Prophet: