Depending upon the abnormality, ultrasound imaging may be needed throughout pregnancy and after a baby is born.
Children with vesicoureteral reflux may be treated with antibiotics to prevent urinary tract infection. Evaluation for possible intervention requires multiple specialties such as neonatology, pediatric urology and maternal-fetal medicine.
They are monitored with periodic ultrasound and voiding cystograms. However, about 1 percent of all humans have two collecting tubes from a kidney. Children with an obstruction or blockage of the urinary tract may require surgical correction.
Multicystic kidney This is the result of complete obstruction of the ureter. Typically, this condition is not associated with abnormalities in other organ systems.
Antenatal Hydronephrosis. The most common site is where the renal pelvis joins the ureter the duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder. Testing and treatment during pregnancy In nearly all instances of antenatal hydronephrosis, ultrasound monitoring is all that is necessary.
Obstruction of the upper tube upper pole of the kidney may occur in up to 1 in 5,000 children. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction UPJ is estimated to be present in one in 1,000 infants.
Louis Children's... Vesicoureteral reflux occurs when the connection between the ureter and the bladder permits backflow of urine to the kidney. Language Services Available.
Vesicoureteral reflux Vesicoureteral reflux occurs when the connection between the ureter and the bladder permits backflow of urine to the kidney. In some babies, the evidence for obstruction is marginal or the degree of blockage is mild.
Ultrasounds are usually performed at six months and one year of age. Obstruction may also occur where the ureter joins the bladder, known as ureterovesical junction obstruction UVJ or megaureter.
Sign up to receive health and wellness news in your inbox. Since an ultrasound performed in the first few days after your baby is born may underestimate the degree of this condition, the first ultrasound is usually conducted following discharge from the hospital. After all testing is complete, some babies have hydronephrosis without reflux or obstruction. As result, the kidney cannot produce urine and does not develop normally.
The renal scan is more accurate if delayed until the baby is one month of age.
Unless the multicystic kidney is causing a problem with breathing or eating or there is a question of tumor or blockage, the kidney is usually left alone in infancy.