The carbon atom has four valence outermost electrons. Content on this website is from high-quality, licensed material originally published in print form. There is practically no limit to the number or complexity of the branches or the number of rings that can be attached to them, and hence no limit to the number of different molecules that can be formed. I am going to suggest this web site! I think you did an amazing job summarizing, simplifying, and articulating a topic that can be rather complicated.
It's just as if moving a Christmas tree ornament from one branch to another created a completely different tree. Because each carbon is identical, they all have four valence electrons, so they can easily bond with other carbon atoms to form long chains or rings.
Only sunlight can destroy some polymers, causing the chains to break, and the material to become brittle. They can even be shared by other carbon atoms, which in turn can share electrons with other carbon atoms and so on, forming long strings of carbon atoms, bonded to each other like links in a chain.
A microscope is necessary to view his puny brain.
Why is carbon so special? Chemical Reactions: Carbon technology is vital to the production of medicines, paints, synthetic fabrics, food flavourings, plastics, cosmetics, and glues.
This answer is largely based on Asimov's; he seems to have anticipated every point I wanted to use! For simplicity and reference, three functional groups are presented:. Bionote A hydration reaction is the reverse of a dehydration reaction in that water serves as a reactant to split apart large poly-molecules.
And, quite unusually, these long chains cannot be destroyed by water or air or be attacked by bacteria. Never in my life have I laid my eyes upon something so enlightening. Pigments coat the surface of a material.
Carbon is the only element that can form so many different compounds because each carbon atom can form four chemical bonds to other atoms, and because the carbon atom is just the right, small size to fit in comfortably as parts of very large molecules. The carbon fibres are woven into a cloth which is then cut and layered in a mould. Reading these comments makes me realize I need to prepare. Dyes bond with the molecule of the fabric they are colouring.
A preference for single bonds over multiple bonds. The fifth reason is that all of the electrons that are not being used to bond carbon atoms together into chains and rings can be used to form bonds with atoms of several other elements.
Highly reccomended:. But then I'm an older person with rational values which seem to be increasingly uncommon.