The 1819 application for statehood by the Missouri Territory sparked a bitter debate in Congress over the issue of slavery in the new territories that had been created as a result of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Skip to main content. States coming in north of that line would be allowed into the Union only as a free state, States south of that line would be allowed into the Union as a slave state.
On April 22, 1820, Thomas Jefferson wrote to John Holmes to express his reaction to the Missouri Crisis, especially the open threat of disunion and war:. Now the debate intensified. Download this waymark: Identify the positions of both southern slaveholders and northern opponents of the spread of slavery. Historical Document Missouri Compromise 1820. By 1818, tens of thousands of settlers had flocked to Missouri, including slaveholders who brought with them some ten thousand slaves.
A Nation on the Move: Click here for the text of this historical document.
The Tallmadge Amendment was narrowly rejected, the balance between free and slave states was maintained in the Senate, and southerners did not have to fear that Missouri slaveholders would be deprived of their human property.
Florida entered the Union as a slave state in 1845. The Missouri Compromise settled the dispute between North and South and brought peace for nearly three decades.
It also drew an imaginary line west of the Mississippi and North of the 36 degrees 30 minutes latitude in which slavery would not be allowed after 1820. Click on map to enlarge.
Admitting Missouri as a slave state also threatened the tenuous balance between free and slave states in the Senate by giving slave states a two-vote advantage. Section Summary The Missouri Crisis created a division over slavery that profoundly and ominously shaped sectional identities and rivalries as never before. Long Description: They feared this would lead to the West being dominated by slaveholders.
In addition, an imaginary line was drawn at 36 degrees 30 minutes north latitude, and any portions of the Louisiana Territory lying north of the compromise line would be free; however, the act provided that fugitive slaves "escaping into any... In 1836, Arkansas was admited to the Union as a slave state and in 1837 Michigan was allowed in the Union as a free state.
House of Representatives in early 1819, its admission to the Union proved to be no easy matter, since it brought to the surface a violent debate over whether slavery would be allowed in the new state. WM812H Published By: View waymark gallery. Phillis Wheatley was a slave who became the first African American poet to publish a book. I can say with conscious truth that there is not a man on earth who would sacrifice more than I would, to relieve us from this heavy reproach, in any practicable way.
The Missouri Crisis created a division over slavery that profoundly and ominously shaped sectional identities and rivalries as never before.