Small electrode pads are placed on your chest to monitor your heart during the procedure.
Successful angioplasty also means you might not have to undergo a surgical procedure called coronary artery bypass surgery. If you have any questions or if you need noncardiac surgery, talk to your cardiologist before stopping any of these medications.
Once the catheter reaches the blocked artery, a harmless dye is injected, and the doctor will take a picture of the coronary arteries called a coronary angiogram. Angioplasty can also be performed in the aorta the main artery that comes from your heart , the iliac artery in your hip , the femoral artery in your thigh , the popliteal artery behind your knee , and the tibial and peroneal arteries in your lower leg.
In almost every case angioplasty is accompanied by insertion of a stent. If you needed angioplasty and stenting during a heart attack, your hospital stay and recovery period will likely be longer. Before a scheduled angioplasty, your doctor will review your medical history and do a physical exam. Doctors are always trying to come up with new ways to prevent arteries from re-closing after an angioplasty or stent procedure.
Most people who have angioplasty also have a stent placed in their blocked artery during the same procedure. This surgery requires an incision in the chest, and recovery from bypass surgery is usually longer and more uncomfortable.
It helps prevent the artery from closing up again.
Angioplasty and stenting are often done as a pre-planned procedure for an ongoing problem, but they are also done frequently as an emergency procedure, especially in people who are having an ACS event.
In ACS, an acute blockage of a coronary artery has occurred because a plaque has ruptured and a clot has formed within the artery.
Pictures will be taken with specialized cameras. So the main reason for performing angioplasty is to relieve stable angina that has persisted despite attempts to treat it medically. This opens the blocked vessel and restores proper blood flow to the heart. The Stent provides scaffolding to hold the vessel open to improve the flow of blood to the heart. Several routine tests are done before the Angioplasty: This means not smoking, controlling your weight, getting plenty of exercise, and controlling your blood pressure, cholesterol, and if you have it diabetes.
You will be brought into the catheterization laboratory, and you will lie down on the catheterization table.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Accessed June 20, 2016. In a coronary angiogram, liquid dye is injected into the arteries of your heart through a catheter — a long, thin tube that's fed through an artery from your groin, arm or wrist to arteries in your heart. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.