Substitution is not as problematic in the two types of metonymy in which genus substitutes for species or species substitutes for genus. To understand a comparison is to identify the respects in which the two terms are alike, namely the grounds for the comparison. She 's an old mule on the subject of my schooling. People are quite skilled at judging whether a comparison is literal or metaphorical.
Bures, F. Because prototypes are more salient than their variants, the variant will always be more similar to the prototype than vice versa Tver- sky, 1977. In the latter case, the if-then expression states a prerequisite condition for being a senator; it does not state a logical relation. Night snake a snake that is active at night and heart surgeon a surgeon who performs cardiac surgery cannot be para- phrased as the snake is a night or the surgeon is a heart.
How might the speed-accuracy trade-off functions for literal and meta- phoric processes differ? If it is not available, then other kinds of interpretations will be generated.
Just as nominal metaphors use vehicles that epitomize certain categories of objects, situations, or events, predicative metaphors use verbs that epitomize cer- tain categories of actions.
Analogously, literary the- ory and criticism also address the issues of metaphor in these two senses, metaphor as literary or poetic device and metaphor as symbol.
P81 when the sun couldn't scorch it. The context that enabled us to interpret the price-of-eggs head- line led us to seek not an alternative nonliteral meaning, but rather a particular literal interpretation. Furthermore, this effect was not the result of mere associations between metaphor topics and vehicles but of an appreciation of metaphorical meaning itself.
According to the model, relevant features are initially selected and compiled. Both of these implications turned out to be false.
In the most important of tropes, genus-for-genus metaphors, metaphoric status is not at issue, but the nature of the putative substitution is. Dust crept inside my ears, up my nose, down my throat - personification 3.
It is usually thrown away. Metaphors as Implicit Similes: Similes and metaphors are examples of figurative language, as are personification, hyperbole, idioms, irony, sarcasm, puns and understatements.
Instead, the name of one subordinate [i.