They soon encountered rough terrain and numerous delays, and...
With good weather the 2,000 mile journey from Missouri to California and Oregon would take about five months. A serious slave revolt in the Caribbean island of Haiti, a French possession, forced France to re-evaluate its situation in North America. The term was in use by 1745.
Another strategy was to cut down a tree and haul it behind to supply drag. Arikara Indians attack William Ashley and his band of fur traders, igniting the most important of the early 19th century battles between Indians and mountain men. Other wagons used by American pioneers were similar to the Conestoga Wagon but smaller and sleeker.
Wagon Trains had large numbers of livestock accompany them. Most emigrants used light covered wagons with sloping sides.
Role of the Conestoga Wagon in American History The peak years of use for the Conestoga wagons were from 1820 to 1840. Thank you for your feedback.
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Pioneers traveling west across hundreds and thousands of miles needed supplies, guides and protection to help them make the often treacherous journey. Tips For Editing. Storage chests were often built to fit snugly against the inside of the wagon box, and others could be lashed outside. Indianapolis, Ind.: Each wagon was drawn by several teams of horses, mules, or oxen. Article History.
In bad weather the family slept in tents, under the wagon or inside, on the load. The prairie schooner was smaller and lighter than the Conestoga wagon —which at the time was popular in the eastern United States for hauling freight—and therefore was more suitable for long-distance travel. Another name for the covered wagon was prairie schooner , because the white canvas cover resembled the sails of a ship as it moved slowly across the "sea" of grasslands.
Another type of wagon used during pioneer times was the Conestoga, so named for Pennsylvania 's Conestoga Valley, where it was first built during the early 1700s. Teams of 10 to 12 horses or mules or six yoked oxen typically were used to pull one of these wagons, with mules and oxen generally preferred.
On top are stored necessaries for the trip: The cloth top that protected people and possessions from extreme weather conditions also was the prime reason that the wagon was sometimes referred to as the "prairie schooner".