Over time, new divisions have developed between Sunnis and Shiites. The Prophet Muhammad When the Prophet died in the early 7th century he left not only the religion of Islam but also a community of about one hundred thousand Muslims organised as an Islamic state on the Arabian Peninsula.
In addition, some strict Sunnis consider Shiite veneration of saints and imams to be heretical. To understand them, we need to know a bit about the Prophet's life and political and spiritual legacy. All Muslims are required to pray five times a day. However, some more Orthodox Sunni Muslims dispute the concept of the Mahdi because there is no mention of it in the Qur'an or Sunnah. It is in areas of the world, where Sunni and Shiite populations are in close proximity, that conflict can arise.
This set the tone for the fledgling Ummayad dynasty c. Within the Sunni and Shia branches, you can also find a number of sects. Throughout history, Shia Muslims have not recognized the authority of elected Muslim leaders, choosing instead to follow a line of Imams which they believe have been appointed by the Prophet Muhammad or God Himself. After the death of the Muslim prophet Muhammad in the early seventh century, the roughly 100,000 Muslims he left behind needed to choose a new leader for their young Islamic state.
However this solution of human arbitration was unacceptable to a group of Ali's followers who used the slogan "Rule belongs only to Allah", justified by the Qur'anic verse:.
There are significant differences between scholars of Shi'a Islam on the role and power of these representatives. The Hanbali jurisprudence is considered very strict and conservative.
It was the question of who should succeed the Prophet and lead the fledgling Islamic state that created the divide. In the end Abu Bakr was appointed First Caliph.
May 22, 2018. There are no dogmatic differences between the two sects. Updated September 24, 2018. The Mahdi The concept of the Mahdi is a central tenet of Shi'a theology, but many Sunni Muslims also believe in the coming of a Mahdi, or rightly guided one, at the end of time to spread justice and peace.
The concept of the Mahdi is a central tenet of Shi'a theology, but many Sunni Muslims also believe in the coming of a Mahdi, or rightly guided one, at the end of time to spread justice and peace.
Meanwhile, the leadership of the Shi'a community continued with 'Imams' believed to be divinely appointed from the Prophet's Family. They do differ, however, and that separation stemmed initially, not from spiritual distinctions, but political ones.
Sunni Muslims make up an 85 percent majority of Muslims all over the world.
This is based on their positions and actions during the early years of discord about leadership in the community. In this sense, many people compare the two groups with Catholics and Protestants.
It spread east through central Asia and the Indian sub-continent as far as the Indonesian archipelago, and west towards Africa and the periphery of Europe. See disclaimer. Despite being hopelessly outnumbered, Hussein and his small number of companions refused to pay allegiance to Yazid and were killed in the ensuing battle.
For example, following Prophet Muhammad's death, his close friend and adviser, Abu Bakr , became the first Caliph successor or deputy of the Prophet of the Islamic nation.