I am not claiming that Kant is a virtue ethicist or that he has an ethics of virtue.
The following volumes of that series contain relevant material, some of which is also issued separately: Resolve or willpower can be modeled only probabilistically, since acts of will are psychologically free that is, not determined by desires, beliefs, or principles. However, the Kantian-economic model described above reveals this as a false dichotomy, because it models people as individual in essence and social in orientation.
Routledge Flikschuh, Katrin, 2000. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. The state functions as an objective, disinterested institution that resolves disputes about individual property and enforces compliance with those determinations.
Keeping a promise is a strict duty while helping other is wide, but we can easily put a thumb on the scales in favor of helping her father. Cambridge University Press, 1989.
As with policy, this is rarely captured in economic models of regulation but is practiced by regulators in the real world, as explained by Cass Sunstein in his book Valuing Life, in which he relates his experience heading the Office of Institutional and Regulatory Affairs from 2009 to 2012. The book Metaphysics of Morals has two distinct parts: Baker and Mark D.
ISSN 1095-5054. While this is often discussed in terms of personal ethics-providing the most intuitive justification of duties against lying, for instance-the same principle also applies to the state, which is subject to the same moral constraints that individuals are.
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He believes that when states are ruled in accordance with the wishes of the people, their self-interest will provide a consistent basis for pacific relations among states.
If the tax is administered fairly, it would not be unjust. In the paper often credited with the rise of virtue ethics in the 1950s, G. The resulting inflexible restrictions violate the reliance on trade-offs that is found throughout mainstream economics, and may suggest that deontological ethics is incompatible with economic modeling despite its prevalence in popular debates over for instance abortion and torture.